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Regulatory Strength: ‏‏ Moderate ‏
Effective as of July 1st, 2018

Protected groups:

  • Gender

Applicable to:

  • Private and public companies*
  • May cover state and local government employees*

HR practices:

  • Employer cannot retaliate against employees who:
    • File a complaint or testify regarding pay discrimination
    • Discuss salaries with coworkers
  • Employer cannot ask for salary history while hiring employees


  • Law narrows the reasons employers can use to justify pay differences (e.g., other factors must be job-related)


  • Up to two (2) times the amount of back pay awarded
  • Employer is liable for plaintiff attorney fees

Please click HERE for access to 21 V.S.A. § 495, Fair Employment Practices Act.
*see law for specific inclusions/exclusions

Last revised 08/23/2019

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